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Rescue Agreement Summary

| 12/16/2020

The rescue agreement has been criticized for being vague, particularly in terms of the definition of the saved and the definition of what constitutes a spacecraft and its components. Article 3 provides for the rescue of personnel from an “illuminated” spacecraft on the high seas or in another place that is not subject to the jurisdiction of a state. Thus, Article 3 would not only require the rescue of astronauts who have landed on the high seas, in accordance with Article V of the Space Treaty, but would also require rescue operations to be carried out when a landing on the Moon or other celestial bodies or on an Earth`s surface of the Earth`s surface is not subject to the jurisdiction of a state. , for example. B Antarctica. The relevance of an international treaty is measured not only by the rationality, coherence and scope of its conditions, but also by its effective implementation. Transposition within the framework of international treaties concerns both the transposition into the legal order, i.e. by nation states in their national jurisdictions, and the implementation of facts, situations or disputes. The 1968 rescue agreement now reflects broad consensus on the procedures that should apply to the rescue of astronauts, the return of astronauts and the return of space objects.

The UN General Assembly adopted the text of the bailout agreement on 19 December 1967 by Resolution 2345 (XXII). The convention was opened for signature on April 22, 1968 and came into force on December 3, 1968. Since January 2019, 98 states have ratified the bailout agreement, 23 have signed and three international intergovernmental organizations (the European Space Agency, the Intersputnik International Organization of Space Communications and the European Organization for the Use of Meteorological Satellites) have declared their acceptance of the rights and obligations conferred by the agreement. [1] The essential provision of the rescue agreement is that any State party to the agreement must provide all possible assistance to rescue the personnel of a spacecraft that has landed on the territory of that state, whether as a result of an accident, an emergency, an emergency or an accidental landing. If distress occurs in an area outside the territory of a nation, each part of the state able to do so will increase assistance in the search and rescue operation, if necessary. 4. Calls on the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space to urgently complete the drafting of an agreement on liability for damage caused by the release of objects into space and, in any event, no later than the beginning of the 23rd session of the General Assembly, and submit it to the Assembly at this session. The agreement on the rescue of astronauts, the return of astronauts and the return of objects that have entered space is also called the Rescue Agreement, an international agreement that defines the rights and obligations of states to rescue people in space.

The agreement was reached by a consensus vote at the United Nations General Assembly on 19 December 1967 (Resolution 2345 (XXII)) It came into force on 3 December 1968. Its provisions specify the rescue provisions set out in Article V of the 1967 Space Treaty. Although the bailout agreement is more specific and detailed than the rule of rescue of Article V of the Space Treaty, it still suffers from vague formulations and the possibility of differences of interpretation. When a spacecraft`s personnel land in the territory of a contracting party due to accidents, emergencies, emergencies or accidental landings, they immediately take all possible measures to save it and provide them with all necessary assistance.

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